What is Islam?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 In Islam marriage is a simple legal contract between a man and a woman to live together as husband and wife. In this contract either party is free to include conditions. A Muslim girl cannot be forced to marry against her will; parents simply suggest a young man that they think may be suitable for her, and she is free to choose.

Marriage is strongly encouraged and is based on mutual love and respect. It is both a legal agreement and a sacred bond. God has commanded in the Holy Qur'an:

“Get the singles among you married as well as those who are fit for marriage among your male slaves and female slaves. If they are poor, Allah will make them free from want out of His grace: for Allah has boundless resources and is All-Knowing." Al-Qur'an 24:32

“And of His signs is that He created for you mates from among yourselves that you may find comfort with them, and He planted love and mercy for each other in your hearts; surely, there are signs in this for those who think about it.” Al-Qur'an 30:21

A woman has the same right to own property, earn wealth and spend it as a man has. Her wealth does not become the property of her husband after marriage or divorce. A woman does not have to change her last name as a result of marriage.

Husbands and wives are protectors of each other. They are equal partners and best of friends, remaining faithful to one another. The husband provides, maintains, protects and is responsible for the family. He fulfills his duties with consultation and kindness. If couples are unable to live with one another peacefully, amicable divorce is permitted as a last resort. Divorce, even though permitted and simple, is not common in Muslim families. In case of divorce mothers are given priority in the custody of young children and the father is required to provide child support.

The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, has said: “The best among the believers is he who is best in manner and kindest to his wife."

Tags: What is Marriage in Islam?, Marriage is Islam, Islamic Marriage, Islam, Muslim
References: What is Islam? The Institute of Islamic Knowledge, al-quraan.org